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Enacted in March 2013, the Campus Save Act is the most recent, and far reaching, in a long line of laws that protect students from sexual violence and harassment.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 revised federal funding laws to prohibit sex-based discrimination in higher education."No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance…
Initially called the"Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act" and later renamed in memory of slain student Jeanne Clery, this act amended federal financial aid laws to require all participating postsecondary institutions to disclose campus crime statistics and security information.
Established federal legal definitions of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. Made funding grants for reducing these crimes available to higher education institutions.
Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (OCR) guidance explored Title IX sexual harassment protections.
"[S]chools need to ensure that employees are trained so that those with authority to address harassment know how to respond appropriately, and other responsible employees know that they are obligated to report harassment to appropriate school officials."
Noting that sexual assault had become an epidemic on college campuses, OCR reiterated that Title IX guarantees all students an education free from sexual harassment and violence. OCR also recommended that"all schools implement preventive education programs" as part of their orientation programs for new students, faculty, and staff.
"These programs should include a discussion of what constitutes sexual harassment and sexual violence, the school's policies and disciplinary procedures, and the consequences of violating these policies."
Amended the Clery Act to mandate extensive"primary prevention and awareness programs" regarding sexual misconduct and related offenses.
Schools must report compliance with the Campus Save Act in their Annual Security Reports.